** Due to technical difficulties this weeks sermon audio is missing some sections ** In Exodus 34, in the wake of Israel's blatant rebellion and adultery against God, we see God renew the covenant. But this does not happen until after he lays the foundational reason for why he will renew: he tells us explicitly who he is and what he is like with his own lips. Furthermore, this display of God's glory points distinctly to the glory that will someday be revealed in his children through the atoning work of Christ.
The Lord agreed to fulfill his promise to Abraham to give his descendants the Promised Land despite the rebellion of the Israelites. However, he delivered the devastating news that his presence would not go with the people as the occupied their new home. Moses interceded on behalf of the people declaring to God that the gift of the Promised Land was of no value apart from his presence with his people. The Lord responded favorably once again demonstrating that he is 'God with us'.
In chapters 25-31 God lays out his plan to dwell with his people in tabernacle. The tabernacle is a holy place in which God's presence will reside with his people. However, Israel grieves God (in chapter 32) by breaking the commandments before they even leave Mount Sinai. Israel turns to worship other gods and now stands to bear the wrath of God. Mercifully, Israel is saved through a mediator who pleads for them before God.
The covenant initiated by God with Israel is confirmed in Exodus 24 through the blood of a sacrifice. At the Lord's Supper, Jesus picks up the language of Exodus 24 and initiates a new and better covenant with his disciples. Rather than the shedding of the blood of oxen, Jesus offers his blood as a lasting and perfect sacrifice for our sins that we may be united to God forever.