Sadly, the Corinthian church worship services were out of control, disorderly and sinful. They were not pleasing to God. And so Paul shifts topics from teaching them about how to conduct themselves individually, to instructing them on what they should and shouldn’t do in a worship service. Paul desires that when they gather to worship the Lord, it be done with reverence and respect, that they would be loving toward each other, that their worship service be distinguished by love for God and one another and orderly. The Corinthians are in desperate need of reforming their worship gatherings and Paul teaches them in chapters 11-14 about the changes they need to make.
The great conflict that Paul has been addressing in chapters 8-10 is the Corinthians misuse of their Christian freedom in selfish ways. They did not consider how their actions were affecting others or impeding the spread and progress of the gospel. Paul calls them to a higher and better way. A life driven to glorify God and seek the good of others. Paul beckons them to follow the example of Christ.
Through the Lord's Supper, the church is reminded that we belong to Jesus. This meal is a precious gift whereby we participate in the body and blood of Jesus and have fellowship with him. Through this meal we are nourished by Christ and the benefits of his death. And because we belong to Him, we cannot participate in the worship of any other being or thing. The Lord is jealous for our devotion and worship. We must guard our hearts and minds from being deceived into false worship.
In chapter 10, Paul continues to address the issue of exercising Christian freedom incorrectly. He addresses the Corinthian's insistence to use their Christian freedom to visit pagan temples and participate in a meal in which the food has been sacrificed and offered to idols. Here Paul takes his strongest stance, saying these meals are expressions of idolatry and warns the Corinthians of the dire consequences of persisting in idolatry. And he uses Israel’s history to do so. Paul cites examples of God’s people who did NOT exercise self-control, turned aside to idolatry and suffered mightily for it and failed to obtain the prize of eternal life. Paul follows his warning with a great encouragement, that those who exercise self-control, striving to resist sin shall be aided by God and provided a means of escape from temptation.